How Alcohol Can Affect You
Addiction information about how alcohol can affect you is important. Addiction means a person has no control
over whether he or she uses drugs or alcohol.
A person who is addicted to drugs or alcohol has grown so used to the substance that he or she simply
"needs" to have the substance in order to "feel right" or to function. Addiction can be psychological, physical, or
Alcoholism, Physical Addiction, and Tolerance
Physical addiction takes place when a person's body becomes dependent on a particular substance.
It also means that a person develops a tolerance to that particular substance, meaning that the user requires a
larger dose than before to get the same "high" or "buzz."
When an individual who is physically addicted stops using a substance such as cigarettes, drugs, or alcohol, he
or she usually experiences withdrawal symptoms.
Withdrawal is defined as any psychological or physical disturbance experienced by a drug addict when deprived of
the drug. Withdrawal symptoms vary from drug to drug.
The seriousness of withdrawal symptoms is highly dependant on the drug or drugs that were abused by the addict.
Withdrawal symptoms for many individuals, are similar to having the flu.
Common withdrawal symptoms also include depression, muscle aches, mood swings, shaking, sweating, diarrhea, and
craving for drugs or alcohol.
The Dangers of Psychological Addiction
Psychological addiction occurs when the cravings for a drug are psychological or emotional. People who are
psychologically addicted feel overcome by the desire to have a drug.
These feelings are so strong that in many instances psychologically and physically addicted individuals will do
almost anything for their next "fix" including lying, stealing, and in some instances, killing.;
Many times people abuse drugs or alcohol in order to have "fun" or to get a "buzz." Many individuals, in fact,
report that having a few drinks makes them feel more comfortable in social situations. The danger, however is this.
Repeated drug or alcohol abuse can result in addiction.
When person is addicted, he or she no longer takes drugs or alcohol to have fun or to get high. Rather, the
addicted person needs the drugs or alcohol in order to function on a daily basis.
Many times, the addicted person's everyday life centers around satisfying the need to the substance they are
It is truly sad that the "fun" and the "buzz" that many people experience when drinking often motivates them to
drink more each time they drink and to drink more frequently.
At some point, the line between alcohol abuse and alcoholism gets fuzzy as the person gradually becomes more
reliant on alcohol until he or she simply needs to drink in order to function.
Similar to silent killers such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure, realizing the effects of alcoholism
may come too little, too late.
The Effects of Alcohol Addiction
Some drinking problems, such as driving impairment, negative interactions with medications, and interpersonal
relationship problems can manifest themselves after drinking over a relatively short period of time.
Other drinking problems, however, can develop more gradually over time and may become noticeable only after
long-term excessive drinking. It is also important to point out that women may develop alcohol-related health
problems after ingesting less alcohol than men over a shorter time period.
Due to the fact that alcohol affects many organs in the body, long-term excessive drinking puts a person at risk
for developing critical health problems.
In a word, the long term effects of alcohol abuse can lead to a gradual breakdown of different organs and
systems in the body that can result in serious, if not fatal, health issues.
Alcohol-Related Liver Disease
More than 2 million problem drinkers in the United States suffer from alcohol-related liver disease. Some of
these problem drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis (i.e., inflammation of the liver) as a result of long-term
The symptoms of alcoholic hepatitis include the following: abdominal pain, jaundice (abnormal yellowing of the
urine, skin, and the eyeballs) and fever.
If the person who has a drinking problem continues drinking, alcoholic hepatitis can be fatal. If the problem
drinker stops drinking, on the other hand, alcoholic hepatitis is often reversible.
Approximately 10 to 20 percent of heavy, problem drinkers develop cirrhosis of the liver (i.e., scarring of the
liver). Alcoholic cirrhosis can be fatal if the person with the drinking problem continues to drink.
Even though cirrhosis is irreversible, if the affected person stops drinking, his or her chances of survival can
Although some problem drinkers may eventually need a liver transplant as a last resort, many people with
cirrhosis who quit drinking alcoholic beverages may receive treatment and may never require liver
Alcohol-Related Heart Disease
Drinking in moderation can actually have beneficial effects on the heart, especially with people who are at the
greatest risk for heart attacks, such as women after menopause and men over the age of 45.
Long-term excessive drinking, however, increases the risk for various drinking problems such as strokes, heart
disease, and high blood pressure.
Long-term excessive drinking increases the risk of developing certain types of cancer, especially cancer of the
voice box, mouth, throat, and the esophagus.
Women who drink two or more drinks per day slightly increase their risk for developing breast cancer. Heavy
drinking may also increase the risk for developing cancer of the rectum and the colon.
The pancreas helps regulate the body's blood sugar levels by producing insulin. In addition, the pancreas is
instrumental in digesting the food people eat.
Long-term problem drinking can lead to pancreatitis (that is, inflammation of the pancreas). Pancreatitis is
associated with excessive weight loss and extreme abdominal pain and can lead to death.
Based on the above, it can be determined that excessive drinking can often result in physical damage, can
increase the risk of getting some diseases, and can make other diseases worse.
The moral of the story: if you want to avoid unnecessary health problems and drinking problems later in life,
drink in moderation or not at all.
Other Long Term Effects of Alcoholism
In addition to the diseases outlined above, excessive drinking over time is also associated with the following
- Loss of brain cells
- Irritated stomach lining and bleeding from stomach ulcers
- Nerve damage
Excessive drinking has also been linked to the following:
- Skin problems
- Muscle disease
- Vitamin deficiency
- Sexual problems
Conclusion: How Alcohol Can Affect You
Based on an analysis of the addiction information about how alcohol can affect you discussed above, it can be
concluded that excessive drinking often results in a number of drinking problems such as physical damage, it can
increase the risk of getting various diseases, and abusive drinking can make other diseases worse.
The point: if you want to avoid unnecessary alcohol-related health and drinking problems later in life, drink in
moderation or not at all.
And if you are a "problem drinker," drinking in moderation will most likely not be an option. In fact, if you
already have a drinking problem, you should probably make it a priority to talk with an alcohol abuse and
alcoholism professional about getting alcohol treatment as soon as possible.